Formulas > =QUERY()

How To Use QUERY() Function in Google Sheets


Runs a Google Visualization API Query Language query across data.

Common questions about the QUERY formula in Google Sheets:

  1. How does the QUERY formula work?
  2. What is the syntax of the QUERY formula?
  3. What are the available options and clauses in the QUERY formula?
  4. How can I use the QUERY formula to filter and sort data?
  5. Can the QUERY formula retrieve data from multiple sheets or ranges?
  6. Can I use the QUERY formula with other functions in Google Sheets?
  7. What types of data can be queried using the QUERY formula?
  8. Are there any limitations or restrictions to be aware of when using the QUERY formula?
  9. Can I use the QUERY formula to perform calculations or aggregations?
  10. Are there any alternatives to the QUERY formula for data analysis in Google Sheets?

Appropriate usage of the QUERY formula:

  1. Filtering: Use the QUERY formula to filter data based on specific criteria.
  2. Sorting: Sort the queried data in ascending or descending order using the ORDER BY clause.
  3. Aggregation: Summarize or aggregate data using functions like COUNT, SUM, AVG, MAX, MIN, etc.
  4. Joining: Combine data from multiple ranges or sheets using the JOIN clause.
  5. Conditional statements: Use logical expressions and operators to apply conditions and create complex queries.
  6. Formatting: Apply formatting options to the results of the QUERY formula to enhance readability.

Common mistyping of the QUERY formula:

  1. Misspelling the word "QUERY" as "QUERRY" or "QUREY."
  2. Forgetting to enclose the query string within double quotation marks.
  3. Incorrectly using single quotation marks instead of double quotation marks.
  4. Omitting required arguments such as the data range or query string.

Inappropriate usage of the QUERY formula:

  1. Excessive complexity: Creating overly complex queries that are difficult to understand and maintain.
  2. Lack of understanding: Using the QUERY formula without a clear understanding of its syntax and capabilities.
  3. Incorrect syntax: Misusing the clauses, operators, or functions within the QUERY formula.
  4. Large datasets: Querying large datasets without considering the performance impact.
  5. Inefficient filtering: Using multiple QUERY formulas instead of optimizing the query to include all required filters.

Common pitfalls when using the QUERY formula:

  1. Data formatting issues: Inconsistent formatting within the data range may lead to unexpected results or errors.
  2. Case sensitivity: The QUERY formula is case-sensitive, so ensure that column names and query strings match the case exactly.
  3. Data type mismatches: Make sure the data types of columns match the conditions and operators used in the query.
  4. Blank cells: Blank cells within the data range can affect the results, so handle them appropriately in the query.
  5. Querying merged cells: Avoid querying data that includes merged cells, as it may lead to inaccurate results.

Common mistakes when using the QUERY formula:

  1. Incorrect column references: Providing incorrect column references or using non-existent column names in the query.
  2. Missing header row: Forgetting to include the header row in the data range can result in incorrect column references.
  3. Overlooking quotation marks: Neglecting to enclose text values within quotation marks may cause syntax errors.
  4. Incorrect use of functions: Misusing or misunderstanding the functions used within the QUERY formula.
  5. Failure to understand error messages: Ignoring or misunderstanding error messages generated by the QUERY formula, which can provide valuable insights into what went wrong.

Common misconceptions about the QUERY formula:

  1. All-encompassing solution: Assuming that the QUERY formula can replace all other functions and operations in Google Sheets, which is not true.
  2. Real-time updates: Believing that the QUERY formula automatically updates the results when the underlying data changes. It requires manual recalculation or proper use of the query formula.

Google Sheet Formula Frustrations Solved
Find every formula you'll ever need in Google Sheets here at Better Sheets. Whether you're a beginner or an advanced user, I’ve got you covered with a comprehensive guide of 504 formulas.

Are you struggling to find a specific value in a column of data? Look no further than the powerful VLOOKUP formula. Or maybe you need to calculate the sum of values that meet specific criteria - try out SUMIF. And when it comes to frequency of values, COUNTIF has you covered.

Have you heard of the mysterious and powerful IF formula? It can turn your spreadsheets into gateways of productivity. And don't forget about the oft-partner ISBLANK(). 

Find step-by-step tutorials for any formula here on Better Sheets. Every formula page comes with links to written blog posts and Better Sheets tutorials featuring the exact formula.

Looking for a way to segment data based on specific criteria? The FILTER formula is perfect for you. 

If you need to replace VLOOKUP, give INDEX/MATCH a try.

At, I have everything you need to take your Google Sheets skills to the next level. 
From ARRAYFORMULA() to ZTEST(), Better Sheets has it all. 

How To Actually Use QUERY() in Sheets

QUERY(data, query, [headers])

2Better Sheets Tutorials

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