Formulas > =MONTH()

How To Use MONTH() Function in Google Sheets


Returns the month of the year a specific date falls in, in numeric format.

Common questions about the MONTH formula:
What does the MONTH formula do?
What is the syntax of the MONTH formula?
What is the input format for the MONTH formula?
Can the MONTH formula handle dates from different regions or formats?
Can the MONTH formula handle different languages or date representations?
Can the MONTH formula extract the month from a specific date or a text string?
How can I use the MONTH formula to extract the month as a number or as a text string?
Can the MONTH formula handle dates before the year 1900 or after the year 9999?
How can I troubleshoot issues with the MONTH formula not returning the expected results?
Are there any alternative functions or formulas that can achieve similar results to the MONTH formula?

Appropriate usage of the MONTH formula:
The MONTH formula in Google Sheets is used to extract the month from a given date and return it as a number between 1 and 12. Here are some appropriate ways to use the MONTH formula:

Extract the month from a date to perform calculations or analysis based on the month.
Convert a date into a month-only format for reporting or visualization purposes.
Combine the MONTH formula with other formulas to create more complex date-related calculations.

Common mistyping of the MONTH formula:
The most common mistyping of the MONTH formula occurs when users accidentally use incorrect capitalization or misspell the formula name. For example:

Month (incorrect) instead of MONTH (correct)
Month() (incorrect) instead of MONTH() (correct)
Monthformula (incorrect) instead of MONTH (correct)

Common inappropriate usage of the MONTH formula:
Using the MONTH formula on non-date values, which will result in an error or unexpected output.
Using the MONTH formula to extract the year or day instead of the month.
Misunderstanding the purpose of the MONTH formula and attempting to use it for unrelated calculations.

Common pitfalls when using the MONTH formula:
Not formatting the cell containing the result of the MONTH formula as a number or text, resulting in unexpected formatting issues.
Not considering the date format used in the spreadsheet, which can lead to incorrect results if the formula expects a different format.
Forgetting to update or lock the cell references when copying or dragging the formula to other cells, leading to incorrect month extraction.

Common mistakes when using the MONTH formula:
Confusing the MONTH formula with other date-related formulas, such as DAY or YEAR.
Using a date format that is not recognized by the MONTH formula, resulting in errors or incorrect results.
Using the MONTH formula without specifying the cell reference or date value, leading to errors or incorrect output.

Common misconceptions about the MONTH formula:
Assuming that the MONTH formula can directly convert a text string representation of a month (e.g., "January") into a numeric value. The MONTH formula only works with actual date values.
Thinking that the MONTH formula can extract the month from a cell containing a datetime value, including both date and time information. The MONTH formula only considers the date part and ignores the time component.

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How To Actually Use MONTH() in Sheets


2Better Sheets Tutorials

Create a year progress bar to see how much of the year is gone. Great motivational chart to watch count up to 100%.
What is "&" doing in this formula? MONTH(A1&1)
Do you know why this is so cool? It can replace an entire vlookup chart I've been making for years.

Learn more about the MONTH() formula:

Date Functions

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